Introduction About Blasting injuries in surface mining

Mining is a hazardous occupation. The average annual rate of fatal injuries (number of fatal injuries per 100,000 workers) in the mining industry exceeds that of all other industries, such as agriculture, forestry, and fishing, construction, transportation and public utilities (13.4), and manufacturing. In addition, the average number of days lost (ADL) per incident in the mining industry exceeds the ADL of all other industries (NIOSH, 2000). While cognizant of the inherent dangers, explosives are essential in breaking rock. Surface mines in the coal and metal/nonmetal sectors rely extensively on explosives to uncover mineral deposits. The mining industry considers blasting an essential component for the success of their operations.

References :

NIOSH (2000). Worker health chartbook, 2000: U.S. Department of Health and Human

Services, Public Health Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2000-127.

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